The presented study examines differences in data sharing and scientific working behavior between male and female researchers. To understand the context of our study, it has to be said that articles and data – as the raw material for non-theoretical publications – are crucial for an individual researcher’s career development. Examining the data sharing behavior is therefore a good proxy to examine differences in male and female working behavior in a competitive environment. Against this background we investigate gender differences in the working behavior of female and male researchers when it comes to publishing articles and sharing data.
Within this paper we focus especially on the influence of different working environments in relation to the gender distribution (female domains versus male domains). For male domains, we additionally differentiate between male domains with a highly visible gender gap (i.e., strong overbalance of males) versus male domains in which the gender gap was rather low. Besides the gender distribution, we also consider to the relevance of research data within the domain, i.e., if scientific work and career is strongly connected with research data (data-driven domains like Psychology, Physics, Computer Science).