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30 August 2021| doi: 10.5281/zenodo.5243288

Myth: AI Models are abstract and do not need personal data

In supervised machine learning, models are based on abstractions from training data. The models themselves, while structurally influenced by the training data, do not contain the data themselves. It therefore seems reasonable to treat data they contain as (almost) anonymous. However, this is not true. Research has shown that deanonymization is possible under certain circumstances. Therefore, the models have to be considered as partially containing personal data and data protection law has to be taken into account when developing AI models to safeguard data subjects.

Myth

AI Models are abstract and do not need personal data.

 

AI models are an abstraction which may or may not contain personal data. Data protection law needs to be taken into account.

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Material

Presentation Slides
KEY LITERATURE

Shokri, R., Stronati, M., Song, C. & Shmatikov, V. (2016). Membership Inference Attacks Against Machine Learning Models.

Al-Rubaie, M. & Chang, J. M. (2019). Privacy-Preserving Machine Learning: Threats and Solutions. EEE Security & Privacy, 17(2), 49-58.

Liu, B., Ding, M., Shaham, S., Rahayu, W., Farokhi, F. & Lin, Z. (2021). When Machine Learning Meets Privacy: A Survey and Outlook. ACM Computing Surveys, 54(2), 1-36.

About the author

Foto: Oliver Dietze

Christoph Sorge

Professor, Saarland University (Chair of Legal Informatics), Saarbrücken, Germany

Christoph Sorge received his PhD in computer science from Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. He then joined the NEC Laboratories Europe, Network Research Division, as a research scientist. From 2010, Christoph was an assistant professor (“Juniorprofessor”) for Network Security at the University of Paderborn. He joined Saarland University in 2014, and is now a full professor of Legal Informatics at that university. While his primary affiliation is with the Faculty of Law, he is also a co-opted professor of computer science. He is an associated member of the CISPA – Helmholtz Center for Information Security, a senior fellow of the German Research Institute for Public Administration, and a board member of the German Association for Computing in the Judiciary. His research area is the intersection of computer science and law, with a focus on data protection.

@legalinf

This post represents the view of the author and does not necessarily represent the view of the institute itself. For more information about the topics of these articles and associated research projects, please contact info@hiig.de.

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Du siehst Eisenbahnschienen. Die vielen verschiedenen Abzweigungen symbolisieren die Entscheidungsmöglichkeiten von Künstlicher Intelligenz in der Gesellschaft. Manche gehen nach oben, unten, rechts. Manche enden auch in Sackgassen. Englisch: You see railway tracks. The many different branches symbolise the decision-making possibilities of artificial intelligence and society. Some go up, down, to the right. Some also end in dead ends.

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