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Du siehst die Making sense of the Future Materialien auf einem grauen Tischen ausgebreitet-

Making sense of the future

This toolbox aims to promote transdisciplinary, multi-perspective and creative (future) thinking. The six different exercises combine future studies methods with topics and materials around the issues of digitalisation and its impact on our society. This encourages digital visionaries to engage with the paradigm of uncertainty that constitutes the future. The tools encourage a creative engagement with possible futures of the digital society. We deliberately speak of futures in the plural; rather than only one future, numerous futures are conceivable. Our actions influence the possible developments of futures.

Where is the toolbox used?

Making sense of the Future can be used in knowledge-based engagement with possible futures in schools, universities and organisations. It can also be used privately for education, inspiration or as an intellectual exercise. In the educational context, the exercises are suitable as creative content for seminars. A combination of several exercises can also be used to create workshop formats. Separate materials are provided for low-threshold use as teaching material at lower secondary level.


Sarah Spitz

Head of Dialogue & Knowledge Transfer | Project Coordinator Women* in Tech

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This open educational resource is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence which permits unrestricted use, provided the original work is properly cited.


The toolbox consists of 6 different exercises.

Answer by moving

Show your stance and impact towards digital futures

This exercise is an effective introduction. Position yourselves in the room and discuss your attitudes and capacities. Find out whether you have an optimistic or pessimistic view of digital future(s)

30–60 minutesintroductory
group of at least 3printouts + utensils

Criticise your utopia

Develop a realistic future

Work on concrete ideas for digital futures related to one of the 7 clusters of the Makings sense of the digital society compendium. Follow the principle of the Future Workshop method and generate an idea lab.

2 hours – 2 daysintermediate
group of 4 or moreprintouts + utensils

Transform future language

Deconstruct and reconstruct metaphors

This exercise invites you to uncover the hidden assumptions and concepts within the language used in relation to digital future(s). Test and reflect on language-reflexive and critical approaches to thinking about the future.

40–60 minadvanced
alone or in groupsprintouts + pens

The Power of Three

Set the Course for Progress

The exercise will help to understand our own ideas and behaviour as part of our common future. Develop 3 actions that could lead to a preferred change in the future.

40–90 minintroductory
alone or in groupspens + paper

From Weak signals to Megatrends

Explore signals of change

Find signals, innovations and possible trends, and explore possible future scenarios based on one trend. Train your abilities to collect, identify and interpret possible drivers of change, and reflect your assumptions about the future.

60–90 minintermediate
in groupsprintouts + utensils

Newspaper from 2040

Think ahead and write an article from 2040

This tool introduces you to creative writing and speculative thinking. Imagine yourself as a journalist from 2040 and write an informative article: develop your own utopian future scenario driven by digital change within society.

2–4 hoursadvanced
alone or in groupsinternet access


Technological innovation and digitalisation are shaping the present and future of our post-industrial society(ies). They create a paradoxical simultaneity of optimisation and simplification of working environments and everyday life on the one hand - and increasing complexity and confusion of the world on the other. Studies such as the SINUS youth studies of recent years have observed a strikingly rapid decline in optimism about the future among young people in Germany - a development that should not go unanswered in view of the many global and complex challenges. Promoting skills for the future and normalising thinking about uncertain future scenarios can help. The methods in the Making sense of the Future toolkit therefore emphasise the opportunities for individuals to shape the possible futures of society.


The exercises from the toolbox combine two focal points:

  1. Based on the concept of futures literacy, it is assumed that future thinking is a skill that needs to be learned and practised just like reading and writing. Using methods from future studies, the exercises encourage and promote future thinking. Futures literacy always begins with facts and agency from the present. Futures literacy is thus a tool that creates connections between the present and the future.
  2. With reference to the Making sense of the digital society compendium and the twentyforty project, knowledge and materials concerning the big questions of digitalisation are provided and made accessible with the exercises.


The exercises focus on possible and preferable futures in the digital society:

How do we want to live together, what form will communication and participation take, and how can we use digitalisation for sustainability and the common good?

  • The examination of futures and the uncertainty that they entail are used as a starting point.
  • By thinking about the future from multiple perspectives, our ability to act becomes apparent. The aim is to develop alternative and preferable futures. Which aspects of the present underlie our constructions of the future? How can we critically question and further develop them?

Complete material

The entire toolset is published under the DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.6901530. Downdload the unified PDF or choose one of the tools below.

Workshop: Secondary level 1

A future skills workshop has been developed for teachers based on the toolbox. It can be adapted as required for use in your own lessons. Information on low-threshold instructions can be found in the notes on the individual presentation slides.


Concept and editing: Philine Janus & Johanna Wallenborn

Project management: Christian Grauvogel

Scientific consulting: Bronwen Deacon, Benedikt Fecher, Timothée Ingen-Housz

Communication and strategy: Frederik Efferenn

Visual communication and design: Larissa Wunderlich

Illustrations: Mel Wilken

Instructors’ notice

The exercises can all be done individually and independently of each other.

They are assigned to levels: introductory, intermediate and advanced.


Some of the exercises require preparation.

required utensil + preparations necessary

When using the toolbox in groups, workshops or seminar contexts, there are different possible combinations depending on time-frame and needs.

We've created three possible variations A, B and C that you can find below.

Material usage


In case you don't have access to a colour printer, we suggest using these black and white versions of the tools with differently coloured paper for each tool.


Making sense of the Future: You can see the printet out Exercises

2 exercises · approx. 2 hours

  1. Answer by moving or Act up for change!
  2. From Weak signals to Megatrends

Answer by moving or Act up for change! work well as warm-ups or as an introduction to investigating the future of the digital world. From Weak signals to Megatrends goes deeper into the topic of digital transformation.


Making sense of the Future: You can see the printet out Exercises

4 exercises · 5–6 hours

  1. Answer by moving
  2. From Weak signals to Megatrends
  3. Transform future language
  4. Newspaper from 2040

These four exercises focus on our language for the digital future. After a warm-up, participants are encouraged to do research, and after the analysis of linguistic metaphors, there is a creative writing exercise.


Making sense of the Future: You can see the printet out Exercises

All exercises · min. 2–3 days

  1. Answer by moving
  2. Act up for change!
  3. Criticise your utopia
  4. From Weak signals to Megatrends
  5. Transform future language
  6. Newspaper from 2040

It is recommended to spread these over 2-3 days or to work on them in a (weekly) seminar rotation.


Making sense of the Future: You can see the printet out Exercises

3 exercises · approx. 3 hours

  1. Answer by moving
  2. From Weak signals to Megatrends
  3. News from 2040

The exercises have been didacticised in a presentation for use as teaching material in lower secondary schools. Assistance for teachers can be found in the notes on the slides.