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HIIG Discussion Paper Series on Internet and Society

The HIIG Discussion Paper Series on Internet and Society spans and connects our diverse fields of research. The series aims at stimulating discussions across disciplinary boundaries by making the findings of our current research available to a broader scholarly public as open access publications. Many of these papers have already appeared or will appear in professional journals or edited volumes. All HIIG discussion papers are listed below.

Publications in the series


Babo, S. R. S., & Odame, A. (2023). Where have all the women gone? The gender gap in Ghana’s gig economy. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2023(2). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7913207 Publication details

Köhne, S., von Richthofen, G., & Send, H. (2023). Künstliche Intelligenz und betriebliche Mitbestimmung. Herausforderungen und Handlungsmöglichkeiten für Arbeitnehmer*innenvertretungen. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2023(1). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7615028 Publication details

Vilchez, P. (2023). Venturing on a double trend. Digital startups for climate action in Mexico. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2023(3). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7915646 Publication details


De Filippi, P., Mannan, M., Reijers, W., Berman, P., Henderson, J. (2022). Blockchain Technology, Trust & Confidence. Reinterpreting Trust in a Trustless system? HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2022(3). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.6516991 Publication details

Grafenstein, M. v. (2022). Reconciling Conflicting Interests in Data through Data Governance. An Analytical Framework. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2022(2). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7390542 Publication details

Jones, M. (2022). Towards Civil Strategization of AI in Germany. An investigation of the involvement of civil society in the making of the German National Artificial Intelligence Strategy. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2022(01). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.6091638 Publication details

Pohle, J. (2022). “A Legal Discipline of the Future” – A Short History of the Intersection of Law and Computer Science. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2022(05). Publication details

Pohle, J. (2022). Framing follows business models: How major private data processors frame the privacy problem. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2022(04). DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.4082029 Publication details


Grafenstein, M. v. (2021). Kurzpapier: Data Governance. Ein Framework zur Erfassung “erfolgreicher” Data Governance-Modelle. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2021(6). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.6327345 Publication details

Grafenstein, M. v. (2021). Specific certification schemes as rule, general schemes (and criteria) as exception. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2021(04). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4905484 Publication details

Koulu, R., Peters, A., & Pohle, J. (2021). Finding design patterns in law: An exploratory approach. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2021(03). Publication details

Waidlein, N., Wrzesinski, M., Dubois, F., & Katzenbach, C. (2021). Working with budget and funding options to make open access journals sustainable. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2021(01). DOI: Publication details

Wrzesinski, M., Riechert, P., Dubois, F., & Katzenbach, C. (2021). Working with publication technology to make open access journals sustainable. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2021(02). DOI: Publication details


Beytía, P., Cruz Infante, C. (2020). Digital Pathways, Pandemic Trajectories. Using Google Trends to Track Social Responses to COVID-19. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2020(1). DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.3571360 Publication details

Grafenstein, M. v. (2020). How to build data-driven innovation projects at large with data protection by design. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2020(3), 93. Publication details

Iglesias Keller, C. (2020). Exception and Harmonization: Three Theoretical Debates on Internet Regulation. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2020(2). Publication details


Pernice, I. (2019). Digitale Abstimmung, Zufallsauswahl und das Verfassungsrecht: Zur Überbrückung der Kluft zwischen Regierung und Regierten. HIIG Discussion Paper Series. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.3456579 Publication details


Celeste, E. (2018). Digital Constitutionalism: Mapping the Constitutional Response to Digital Technology’s Challenges. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2018(2). DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.3219905 Publication details

Christian Djeffal (2018). Künstliche Intelligenz in der öffentlichen Verwaltung. Berichte des NEGZ. Publication details

Dametto, D. (2018). Managing the innovation space: How firms can shape collaboration practices in the context of innovation communities. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2018(4). Publication details

Djeffal, C. (2018). Künstliche Intelligenz – Beitrag Zum Handbuch Digitalisierung in Staat und Verwaltung. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2018(3). Publication details

Gollatz, K., Beer, F. &, Katzenbach, C. (2018). The Turn to Artificial Intelligence in Governing Communication Online Workshop Report. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2018(09). Publication details

Schulz, W. (2018). Regulating Intermediaries to Protect Privacy Online – the Case of the German NetzDG. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2018(1). Publication details


Djeffal, C. (2017). Leitlinien der Verwaltungsnovation und das Internet der Dinge: Vom E-Government Zum Smart Government Durch Verfassung, Gesetz, Organisation Und Strategie. HIIG Discussion Paper Series. Publication details

Dopfer, M. (2017). Pick and choose: A venture’s cognitive toolbox to business model innovation. HIIG Discussion Paper Series. Publication details

Neumann, E.K., Send, H., Tech, R.P.G. (2017). Central components of open business models. What makes an open business model open? HIIG Discussion Paper Series. Publication details

Pernice, I. (2017). Risk Management in the Digital Constellation – A Constitutional Perspective. HIIG Discussion Paper Series. Publication details

Pernice, I. (2017). Cybersecurity Governance: Making Cyberspace a Safer Place. HIIG Discussion Paper Series. Publication details

Pernice, I. (2017). Die Verfassung der Internetgesellschaft: Zur Rolle von Staat und Verfassung im Zuge der digitalen Revolution. HIIG Discussion Paper Series. Publication details

Pernice, I. (2017). Vom Völkerrecht des Netzes zur Verfassung des Internets: Privacy und Digitale Sicherheit im Zeichen eines schrittweisen Paradigmenwechsels. HIIG Discussion Paper Series. Publication details


Hofmann, J. (2016). Multi-Stakeholderism in Internet Governance: Putting a Fiction into Practice. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2016(02). Publication details

Meier-Hahn, U. (2016). Exploring the Regulatory Conditions of Internet Interconnection – A Survey Among Internet Interconnection Professionals. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2016(03). Publication details

Pernice, I. (2016). E-Government and E-Democracy: Overcoming Legitimacy Deficits in a Digital Europe. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2016(01). Publication details

Puschmann, C. & Scheffler, T. (2016). Topic Modeling for Media and Communication Research: A Short Primer. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2016(05). Publication details

Richter, N., Schildhauer, T., Neumann, K., & Volquartz, L. (2016). Fostering and hindering factors — success of early stage internet-enabled startups. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2016(04). Publication details


Al-Ani, A. & Stumpp, S. (2015). Motivationen und Durchsetzung von Interessen auf kommerziellen Plattformen. Ergebnisse einer Umfrage unter Kreativ- und IT-Crowdworkern. (Motivations and Enforcement of Interests on Commercial Platforms: A Survey among Creative- and IT-Crowdworkers.). HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2015(05). Publication details

Dopfer M., Grafenstein, M. v., Richter, N., Schildhauer, T., Tech, R. P. G., Trifonov, S., Wrobel, M. (2015). Fördernde Und Hindernde Faktoren Für Internet-Enabled Startups. (Supporting and Hindering Factors for Internet-Enabled Startups.). HIIG Discussion Paper Series. Publication details

Hansch, A., Hillers, L., McConachie, K., Newman, Ch., Schildhauer, T., Schmidt, P. (2015). Video and Online Learning: Critical Reflections and Findings from the Field. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2015(02), 1-34. Publication details

Hansch, A., Hillers, L., McConachie, K., Schildhauer, T., & Schmidt, P. (2015). Video and Online Learning: Critical Reflections and Findings from the Field. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2015(02). Publication details

Hansch, A., Newman, C., & Schildhauer, T. (2015). Fostering Engagement with Gamification: Review of Current Practices on Online Learning Platforms. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2015(04). Publication details

Meier-Hahn, U. (2015). Creating Connectivity: Trust, Distrust and Social Microstructures at the Core of the Internet. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2015(03). Publication details

Pernice, I. (2015). Global Constitutionalism and the Internet. Taking People Seriously. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2015(01). Publication details


Al-Ani, A., Stumpp, S., & Schildhauer, T. (2014). Crowd-Studie 2014 – Die Crowd als Partner der deutschen Wirtschaft. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2014(02). Publication details

Hofmann, J., Katzenbach, C., & Gollatz, K. (2014). Between Coordination and Regulation: Conceptualizing Governance in Internet Governance. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2014(04). Publication details

Oermann, M., Lose, M., Schmidt, J.-H. & Johnsen, K. (2014). Approaching Social Media Governance. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2014(05). Publication details

Saldías, O. (2014). Coded for Export! The Contextual Dimension of the Brazilian Framework for Internet Law & Policy. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2014(06). Publication details

Schmidt, J. & Johnsen, K. (2014). On the Use of the E-Petition Platform of the German Bundestag. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2014(03). Publication details

Send, H., Friesike, S., & Zuch, A. N. (2014). Participation in On-Line Co-Creation: Assessment and Review of Motivations. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2014(01). Publication details

Send, H., Friesike, S., Ebert, J., Gollatz, K. & Schildhauer, T. (2014). Online Participation and Decision-Making. HIIG Discussion Paper Series, 2014(07). Publication details