Academia is a Reputation Economy

In autumn 2014, my colleagues and I conducted a survey on academic data sharing among 1564 researchers in Germany, a follow-up study on our paper «What Drives Academic Data Sharing?«. In the survey, we asked researcher about their handling of research data, their publication culture, and in particular about what keeps them from making data available to others. One has...

Hacktivismus = Cybercrime?

Hacktivism = cybercrime? A reply to the Federal Criminal Office (BKA) study on hacktivists

By Adrian Haase and Theresa Züger. Previously published on and Vor wenigen Tagen veröffentlichte das Bundeskriminalamt eine Studie mit dem Titel «Hacktivisten«, die auf einem dreistufigen Forschungsdesign beruht: einer Literaturrecherche, einer quantitativen Fallauswertung von 78 polizeilich bekannten deutschen Fällen und einem Expertenarbeitstreffen, bei welchem Erfahrungswerte ausgetauscht wurden. Beginnen wir mit einer logischen Denksportaufgabe: In der Einleitung wird folgende Prämissen aufgestellt: «Hacktivismus (ist) (..)...


The principle of ‘Datensparsamkeit’

The concept of ‘Datensparsamkeit” is codified in German data protection law and proposed for European law. It’s a term difficult to find a proper translation for. It could be translated as ‘data thrift’ or ‘data parsimony’. In a nutshell, it means that only data necessary to perform a certain task should be collected and handled. In times of Big Data...


Where to sue in online copyright infringement cases

This article was originally published in the Internet Policy Review. One of the core principles of copyright is territoriality. But the internet is everywhere and so are possible copyright infringements. So which court has jurisdiction to hear a case about online infringement? This is the core question to which the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) gave an answer...